Cancer Information Highlights, February 14, 2018

National Cancer Institute

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Cancer Information Highlights
From the National Cancer Institute
Updating you about cancer causes, prevention, screening, treatment, coping, and more
New from NCI
Oncolytic Virus Therapy: Using Tumor-Targeting Viruses to Treat Cancer
illustration of engineered poliovirus   A small but growing number of patients with cancer are being treated with viruses that infect and kill tumor cells. Research now suggests that these treatments also work against cancer by spurring an immune response.
TARGET Study Finds Differences between Childhood and Adult AML
silhouettes of a child and an adult facing each other   The findings could help guide the development of treatments tailored specifically for childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
First Treatment Approved for Metastatic Breast Cancer with Certain Genetic Changes

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the first treatment for people with metastatic breast cancer who have certain hereditary genetic changes in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene. Learn about the research that led to this approval.
BRCA Mutations: Cancer Risk and Genetic Testing

Women who inherit changes in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene have a higher risk of breast and ovarian cancer. This updated fact sheet explains the role of genetic testing, what the results of these tests might mean, and how the information from these tests can help women make health decisions.
Gut Bacteria May Influence Whether Immunotherapy Works
illustration of stomach with stylized microbes   Three new studies in mice have identified intestinal bacteria that appear to affect the response to checkpoint inhibitors. Researchers think these findings could be used to improve patients' responses to these immunotherapy drugs.
New Targeted Therapy for Neuroendocrine Tumors

FDA has approved the first radioactive drug for adults with advanced neuroendocrine tumors that affect the pancreas or gastrointestinal tract.
PDQ Summary Updates
Endometrial Cancer Treatment

We’ve revised our PDQ summary on endometrial cancer with updated information on factors that increase the risk of getting this disease.
Drug Information Updates
New Drug Approved for Neuroendocrine Tumors

We’ve added a new drug information summary for lutetium Lu 177-dotatate (Lutathera), which was recently approved by FDA to treat certain types of neuroendocrine tumors.
Also of Interest
Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer

Learn about the types of cancers that are commonly diagnosed in adolescents and young adults, how to find a doctor and hospital that specialize in treating these cancers, where to find treatment information, and other information about cancer in these patients.
Cancer Prevention Overview

In observance of National Cancer Prevention Month, learn about interventions that are known to lower cancer risk and those that are not.
Understanding Cancer Prognosis

Prognosis is the estimate of how serious a disease is and your chances for survival. Learn about the factors that affect prognosis, how to understand survival statistics, and the difference between cure and remission.