Zika Virus Transmission and Treatment: Special Zika Virus Newsletter—January 13, 2017

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Emergency Partners Newsletter


January 13, 2017


Zika virus (Zika) outbreaks are occurring in many countries and territories. Please share the following information with those who may find it useful.




Updated Case Count Maps for the United States: Zika Cases Reported in the United States

WHO: Can tiny bacteria help stop the spread of disease?

Zika Info On-The-Go: Sign up to receive Zika updates for your travel destinations with CDC's new text messaging service. Text PLAN to 855-255-5606 to subscribe.


To learn more about Zika, visit CDC's homepage and key messages.


CDC welcomes suggestions and feedback. If you would like to comment on any of these announcements or send us suggestions, including suggestions for new content, please contact us at emergencypartners@cdc.gov.

Timeline of Zika Virus Response Events

2016 timeline of Zika actions

Zika Virus —10 Public Health Achievements in 2016 and Future Priorities

Click the image or here to look back at the 10 critical contributions by CDC in response to Zika in 2016.

CDC's Emergency Operations Center activated in response to Zika virus on January 22, 2016. Throughout 2016, CDC and other public health agencies worked to protect, inform, and prevent the spread of Zika, which continues to be a serious public health threat around the world.

Zika and Sexual Transmission

couple hugging in a holiday blanket

Sexual Transmission

Zika can be passed through sex from a person who has Zika to his or her sex partners. Sex includes vaginal, anal, oral sex, and the sharing of sex toys. Zika can be passed through sex even if the infected person does not have symptoms at the time. It can be passed from a person with Zika before their symptoms start, while they have symptoms, and after their symptoms end. 

Studies are underway to find out how long Zika stays in the semen and vaginal fluids of people who have Zika, and how long it can be passed to sex partners. Current research shows that Zika can remain in semen longer than in other body fluids, including vaginal fluids, urine, and blood.     

Click the image or here for more information on Zika and sexual transmission. 



Prevention Basics

Not having sex eliminates the risk of getting Zika from sex. Both male and female condoms can reduce the chance of getting Zika from sexual transmission. Condoms should be used from start to finish, every time during vaginal, anal, oral sex and when sharing sex toys. Not sharing sex toys may reduce the risk of spreading Zika to sex partners.

Click the image or here for more information on how to properly use condoms during sex.

Treatment for Zika

Treatment for Zika



If you think you have or had Zika, tell your doctor or healthcare provider and take steps to protect others.

There is no specific medicine or vaccine for Zika virus. CDC suggests doing the following:

  • Treat the symptoms.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) to reduce fever and pain.
  • Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding.
  • If you are taking medicine for another medical condition or if you are pregnant, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.

Click the image or here for more information on treatment for Zika virus.  













Pregnant women or families who would like to speak to someone about a possible Zika virus infection or diagnosis during pregnancy and potential risks to the baby can contact MotherToBaby, a service of the nonprofit Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS). MotherToBaby is not affiliated with CDC.








MotherToBaby experts are available during business hours to answer questions in English or Spanish by phone or talk about Zika:



Zika Topic of the Week

January 9–13

Diverse community group







Help Protect Your Community


Click the image or here to learn how to protect yourself from Zika and help protect the pregnant women in your family and community.



January 16–20

What CDC is Doing







Zika: One Year Later 


CDC marks one year of the Zika response. Click the image or here to learn more about CDC’s work.













cerc corner

What is CERC?




Crisis & Emergency Risk Communication (CERC)

Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication is the application of evidence-based principles to effectively communicate during emergencies. These principles are used by public health professionals and public information officers to provide information that helps individuals, stakeholders, and entire communities make the best possible decisions for themselves and their loved ones. CERC recognizes that during emergencies, we work under impossible time constraints and must accept the imperfect nature of our choices. CERC draws from lessons learned during public health emergencies and research in the fields of public health and emergency risk communication.






For more resources and information on CERC, please see Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication, 2014 Edition or Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication Pandemic Influenza, 2007.

Have you used CERC in your work? To share your CERC stories, email cercrequest@cdc.gov. Your stories may appear in future CERC Corners.

Online Resources

infographic on what to do if your baby has Zika but no related health conditions at birth

Contact Us

Email: EmergencyPartners@cdc.gov

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Rd
Atlanta, GA 30333


Contact CDC-INFO

800-CDC-INFO    (800-232-4636)    TTY: 888-232-6348

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