Preventing Infectious Diseases: CDC Emergency Partners Newsletter - November 22, 2016

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CDC Emergency Partners

                                                            November 22, 2016

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Did You Know?

How has the world's health changed in your lifetime?: Global Health Check

Not offering paid sick leave may be more costly: New York Times - The High Costs of Not Offering Paid Sick Leave

How did HIV come to the US?: NPR Health News - Researchers Clear "Patient Zero" Fro AIDS Origin Story

WSJ CEO Council: How Close Are We to a "Contagion" Scenario?

How Close Are We to a "Contagion" Scenario? Video

Video: WSJ CEO Council

CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden and CEO of Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Susan Desmond-Hellmann, speak with WSJ's Laura Landro about the risk of a "Contagion" scenario in terms of infectious disease.

Click the image to see the interview and how to fight emerging infectious disease threats.

APHA 2016

Dr. Tom Frieden at APHA Annual Meeting

Video: American Public Health Association Annual Meeting & Expo 2016

American Public Health Association (APHA) held its Annual Meeting & Expo in Denver, Colorado from October 29 - November 2. Upon the guests at the event were CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden and CDC Principal Deputy Director Dr. Anne Schuchat.

Click the image to see Dr. Tom Frieden discuss past successes and upcoming challenges for CDC.

Video of Dr. Anne Schuchat at APHA Annual Meeting

Video: Becoming The Healthiest Nation in One Generation

Click the image to see Dr. Anne Schuchat talk about public health preparedness at the APHA Annual Meeting.

Huffington Post: Global Health Security Agenda

GHSA Header

President Obama Cements Global Health Security Agenda As A National Priority

Click the image to see Dr. Tom Frieden's thoughts in The Huffington Post on the Global Health Security Agenda becoming a national priority.

What is the Global Health Security Agenda?

Globalization of travel and trade increase the chance and speed of these risks spreading. To address these challenges, CDC is joining with other U.S. government agencies and global partners to advance a Global Health Security Agenda. The aim of this agenda is to accelerate progress toward a safe world and to promote global health security as an international priority.

GHSA graphic

CDC aims to...

  • Detect threats early
  • Prevent epidemics
  • Respond rapidly and effectively

Click the image to learn more about CDC's role in Global Health Security.

One Health Day

One Health Day

One Health Day - November 3

The inaugural One Health Day was held on November 3, 2016. One Health Day is an international campaign co-coordinated by the One Health Commission, the One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono Team and the One Health Platform Foundation.

The One Health concept recognizes that the health of people is connected to the health of animals and the environment. CDC uses a One Health approach by working with physicians, ecologists, and veterinarians to monitor and control public health threats. We do this by learning about how diseases spread among people, animals, and the environment. The One Health Day campaign is designed to engage as many individuals as possible from as many arenas as possible in One Health education and awareness events, and to generate an inspiring array of projects worldwide.

Click the image to learn the basics of One Health.

One health day

‘One Health’ – A Comprehensive Approach To Preventing Disease, Saving Lives

As today’s world becomes ever more connected, the need to effectively apply a One Health approach only increases, to protect both people and animals from zoonotic diseases, but also to prevent economic disruptions that all too often accompany these disease outbreaks.

Click the image to learn more about "One Health".

Get Smart About Antibiotics Week

Get Smart About Antibiotics

Promoting the Responsible Use of Antibiotics

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) along with a league of national and international partners, will observe the ninth annual Get Smart About Antibiotics Week from November 14-20. Through a presidential proclamation, President Obama proclaimed this week as Get Smart About Antibiotics Week and called upon the scientific community, medical professionals, educators, businesses, industry leaders, and all Americans to observe this week by promoting the responsible use of antibiotics.

Antibiotic use is the leading cause of antibiotic resistance. Up to one-third to one-half of antibiotic use in humans is either unnecessary or inappropriate. Each year in the United States, 47 million unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions are written in doctor’s offices, emergency rooms, and hospital-based clinics, which makes improving antibiotic prescribing and use a national priority.

Click the image to learn more bout antibiotic use and resistance.

graphic about inappropriate antibiotic use

Combating Antibiotic Resistance

To combat antibiotic resistance and avoid adverse drug reactions, we must use antibiotics appropriately. This means using antibiotics only when needed and, if needed, using them correctly.

Antibiotics do not fight infections caused by viruses like colds, flu, most sore throats, and bronchitis. Even many sinus and ear infections can get better without antibiotics. Instead, symptom relief might be the best treatment option for these infections.

Click the image to test your knowledge on antibiotic resistance.

Your Brain & Emergencies


This is Your Brain on Emergencies

In a crisis, your brain is going to want to make decisions, and not always the best ones. The good news is there are steps you can take to be a better decision-maker in emergencies. There is science behind the way people react to stressful situations, and we can use it to our advantage.

Science tells us that people behave in high stress incidents in certain ways. What you do will be dependent in large part on what your stress level is. If your heart rate soars above about 175 beats per minute, you’re more likely to go into shutdown mode and not be able to think clearly or act. A technique called “combat breathing” (inhale through your nose, hold, exhale through your mouth, hold) has been shown to reduce your heart rate by 20-30 beats per minute. Controlling your emotion and stress level will help as you go through the decision-making process.

During the decision-making process, your mind will most likely move through three stages:

  • Denial
  • Deliberation
  • Decisive action

Knowing these stages – and preparing for them ahead of time – can help you recognize and deal with what’s going on around you more effectively.

Click the image to learn more about the three phases during a decision-making process.

Zika Resources

Updated Case Count Maps for the United States: Zika Cases Reported in the United States

MMWR: Incidence of Zika Virus Disease by Age and Sex — Puerto Rico, November 1, 2015–October 20, 2016

Updated Guidance: Guidance for U.S. Laboratories Testing for Zika Virus Infection

Updated Travel Guidance: CDC adds Palau to interim travel guidance related to Zika virus

Zika Info On-The-Go: Sign up to receive Zika updates for your destination with CDC's new text messaging service. Text PLAN to 855-255-5606 to subscribe.

60 Minutes: The Zika Virus

60 Minutes interview about Zika

Video: 60 Minutes Interview

Dr. Jon LaPook speaks with NIAID Director, Dr. Anthony Fauci, and CDC Director, Dr. Tom Frieden, about the challenges of fighting Zika virus. Click the image to see the 60 Minutes interview.

60 Minutes Overtime Interview

60 Minutes Overtime: Is Zika Coming Soon to a Mosquito Near You?

Click the image to learn more about the Aedes aegypti mosquito and how Zika virus can spread across the US if prevention methods aren't taken.

Consumer Reports: What Every American Should Know About Zika

Dr. Frieden Interview with Consumer Reports

Consumer Reports Interview

Click the image to read CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden's interview with Consumer Reports about the Zika virus. Dr. Frieden discusses the importance of global health security, lessons learned from the Zika virus, and what the future holds for mosquito control.

Zika Topic of the Week

November 14 – 18

Protect Your Partner

Protect Your Partner from Zika!

Click the image to learn how to prevent passing Zika through sex.

November 21 – 25

Woman speaking with doctor

Docs: Stay up-to-date on Zika

Healthcare workers: Click the image to learn how to protect yourself and your patients using CDC's guidance and tools.

Upcoming Zika Topics of the Week:

  • November 28: Protect Yourself, Protect Your Community
  • December 5: Know the Facts




Pregnant women or families who would like to speak to someone about a possible Zika virus infection or diagnosis during pregnancy and potential risks to the baby can contact MotherToBaby. MotherToBaby is a service of the non-profit Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS) and is not affiliated with CDC.

MotherToBaby experts are available during business hours to answer questions in English or Spanish by phone or chat:

Communication Tips: "Community Engagement"

All crises start and end at the community level. Communicating effectively with local partners and stakeholders is critical to managing an emergency. Engaging community members in a response helps responders tailor communication efforts to local needs and promote realistic actions to improve public health outcomes.

Emergency communicators can improve community relations by requesting increasing levels of community involvement. The following steps may be taken progressively:

  1. Outreach: Responders establish communication channels to provide the affected community with information.
  2. Consult: Responders seek community input to develop connections and identify communication needs.
  3. Involve: Community members participate with responders on response efforts.
  4. Collaborate: Community members and responders partner on response activities—including communication development and dissemination.

When emergency responders share ownership in a crisis, they are able to empower community members to work towards solutions.

For example, CDC knows that controlling Aedes aegypti mosquito populations can help prevent the spread of Zika, a virus that can cause birth defects in the fetuses of pregnant women who become infected. If only one local household is diligent about following guidelines to reduce mosquito reproduction, the local mosquito population will not likely change much. If, however, an entire community receives, understands, and follows recommendations to reduce mosquito populations, they may significantly reduce the risks to the local public’s health.

Emergency communicators must work closely with communities affected by crises to understand public health needs, how best to share messages, and barriers to taking action. By establishing these partnerships, responders are more likely to communicate effectively.

For more resources and information on CERC, please see Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication, 2014 Edition or Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication Pandemic Influenza, 2007.

Have you used CERC in your work? To share your CERC stories, e-mail Your stories may appear in future CERC Corners.

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