CDC Emergency Partners Newsletter - Special Zika Virus Edition - February 26, 2016

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Emergency Partners Newsletter


February 26, 2016

Zika virus (Zika) is spreading in multiple countries and territories. Please share the following information with those who may find it useful.

Table of Contents

Types of Cases

Zika virus is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (A. aegypti and A. albopictus). To date, there have been no reports of Zika being spread by mosquitoes in the continental United States. However, cases have been reported in travelers to the United States, as well as cases of sexual transmission. With the recent outbreaks in the Americas, the number of Zika cases among travelers visiting or returning to the United States will likely increase. CDC is not able to predict how much Zika virus would spread in the continental United States. Many areas in the United States have the type of mosquitoes that can become infected with and spread Zika virus. However, recent outbreaks in the continental United States of chikungunya and dengue, which are spread by the same type of mosquito, have been relatively small and limited to a small area.

What is a locally transmitted case?


What is an imported case?

Sexual Transmission

Zika virus can be sexually transmitted by a man to his sex partners. Not having sex is the best way to prevent sexually transmitted Zika. If a person is sexually active, using condoms the right way every time they have sex can reduce the chance they can get Zika through sex.  


There is no specific medicine or vaccine for Zika virus.


The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Joint pain
  • Conjunctivitis (red eyes)

Other symptoms include

  • Muscle pain
  • Headache

Most people infected with Zika virus won’t even know they have the disease. The sickness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika.

The following steps can reduce the symptoms of Zika:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Take medicine such as acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain. 
  • Do not take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. 
  • If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.

To learn more, please visit CDC's Zika virus page.


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Online Resources

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Communication Tips

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Crisis and emergency risk communication (CERC) principles can be used for a range of crises, including those caused by infectious diseases like Zika virus. Immediate and credible guidance can teach people to identify risks and protect themselves from illness.

For more information, please visit our CERC website and refer to Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication, 2014 Edition.

Have you used CERC in your work? To share your CERC stories, e-mail Your stories may appear in future CERC Corners.

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Social Media Partner Resources

These social media messages are available so that you can share on your organization's social media accounts.

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Are you a man returning from an area with Zika? Zika virus can be sexually transmitted by a man to his sex partners. If your partner is pregnant, you should either not have sex or use condoms the right way every time. It is also important to consult with your healthcare provider.

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Learn more about #Zika virus, how it spreads, and more: 

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Are you pregnant and have plans to travel? CDC recommends pregnant women consider postponing travel to any area where ‪#‎Zika‬ virus is spreading. Learn more:

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Pregnant? Partner recently traveled to Zika infected area? Talk to a Dr & either don’t have sex or use condoms: .


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Stay Connected

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Contact Us


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Rd
Atlanta, GA 30333


Contact CDC-INFO

800-CDC-INFO    (800-232-4636)    TTY: 888-232-6348

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