HOOSIER HISTORY HIGHLIGHTS: A Newspaper for Madison in 1813

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Hoosier History Highlights

May 23 - May 29

The Week in Indiana History


1813     The first issue of The Western Eagle newspaper was published in Madison.  The owner, William Hendricks, had the second printing press to be set up in the Indiana Territory.  He went on to important positions in state history.  He served as secretary of the first Constitutional Convention in 1816, represented the state in Congress for six years, and was elected Governor in 1822.  He later served as a United States Senator.  (Pictured:  A detail from the official portrait of Governor Hendricks by artist Samuel Burtis Baker.)

Fred Jewell

1875     Fred Jewell was born in Worthington, Indiana.  At age 16, he joined a circus band, playing the baritone horn.  He rose to become bandmaster of the famed Ringling Brothers, Barnum & Bailey Circus.  A prolific composer, he wrote circus songs known as "screamers" as well as scores of marches, which earned him the title "Indiana's March King."  He later directed the Worthington High School Band as well as the acclaimed Indianapolis Murat Temple Shrine Band.  


1920     A young farmer saved a woman from injury in Bartholomew County.  She was driving her buggy near Saint Louis Crossing when the horse became frightened and started running out of control.  David Marr was nearby with his friend Charles Hiatt, who was in his automobile.  With Hiatt driving at a high speed side by side with the runaway, Marr leaped from the car's running board into the buggy.  He seized the reins and stopped the horse just before the buggy reached the edge of an embankment.  (Pictured:  Headline from the Columbus Evening Republic.)


1927     The "Spirit of the American Doughboy" statue was unveiled in front of the Owen County Courthouse in Spencer.  On hand was sculptor Ernest M. Viquesney, a resident of Spencer.  His creation proved to be highly popular in the post-World War I era.  At one time, there were as many as 300 of the statues across America.  Approximately 140 of them are still standing, including at least 10 in Indiana.  


1951     A C-124 Globemaster airplane crashed in a field near New Castle.  In the experimental flight from Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, two of the four propellers of the huge aircraft reversed pitch, causing the disaster.  Seven of the 12 on board were killed.  



1971     Over 300,000 spectators lined the streets of Indianapolis for the 500 Festival Parade.  In addition to high school bands and colorful floats, the procession included many celebrities. Among them were  Andy Devine, Hugh Downs, Evil Knievel, Arthur Treacher, Kent McCord, Kentucky Colonel Harland Sanders, and the Lone Ranger (Clayton Moore.)  Waving to the crowd were the 33 drivers for the upcoming 500 Mile Race, led by Pole Sitter Peter Revson.  

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1.  The first Indianapolis 500 Mile Race was run in what year?          a/1901  b/1911  c/1921  d/1931

2.  The first winner was a/ Wilbur Shaw  b/ Louis Meyer  c/ Gaston Chevrolet  d/ Ray Harroun

3.  One lap around the track equals a/ 1 mile  b/ 1.5 miles  c/ 2 miles  d/ 2.5 miles

Answers Below 



"Gentlemen, start your engines!"

- - - Tony Hulman (1901-1977)

A businessman from Terre Haute, Hulman purchased the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in 1945 and made it one of the most famous racetracks in the world.

Janet Guthrie

Did You Know?

    Janet Guthrie, born in Iowa, was the first woman to qualify and compete in the Indianapolis 500 Mile Race.  She earned a starting spot in 1977, the same year she was named "Top Rookie" in the Daytona 500.  She competed in two more Indy 500 races.   She finished ninth in 1978.  In 1979, she was forced out with engine trouble.   A physics major at the University of Michigan, she became a flight instructor and aerospace engineer.  She is a charter member in the Women's Sports Hall of Fame, and her helmet and driver's suit are now at the Smithsonian Institution.


Th' camera never lies, but it would be justitied in lots o' instances.

(Kin Hubbard, The Indianapolis News, May 23, 1921)


ANSWERS:  1.  b/ 1911  2.  d/ Ray Harroun  3.  d/ 2.5 miles