NCHS Data Briefs Update

NCHS Data Briefs

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You are subscribed to receive email updates regarding NCHS Data Briefs from the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The following reports have been added:

Data Brief No. 118. Trends in Inpatient Hospital Deaths: National Hospital Discharge Survey, 2000–2010
In 2000, there were 2.4 million deaths in the United States, and in 2010 there were 2.5 million. In both years, about one-third of these deaths occurred in short-stay, general hospitals, despite research that found that most Americans prefer to die in their own homes. This report presents National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) data from 2000 through 2010 on patients who died during hospitalization. 

 

Data Brief No. 117. Trends in High LDL Cholesterol, Cholesterol-lowering Medication Use, and Dietary Saturated-fat Intake: United States, 1976–2010
Each year, more than 2 million Americans suffer from acute cardiovascular events that account for approximately one-fourth of the total cost of inpatient hospital care. Control of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL–C) has been shown to substantially reduce cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. High LDL–C is LDL cholesterol above the treatment goals established by the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines. It can be managed with lifestyle changes, medications, or a combination of these approaches. A diet low in saturated fat is recognized as one of the most effective lifestyle changes to decrease high LDL–C. This report evaluates the trends in high LDL–C, use of cholesterol-lowering medication, and low dietary saturated-fat intake from 1976–1980 through 2007–2010 among adults aged 40–74.

 

Data Brief No. 116. Mortality From Alzheimer's Disease in the United States: Data for 2000 and 2010
In 2010, Alzheimer’s disease was the underlying cause for a total of 83,494 deaths and was classified as a contributing cause for an additional 26,488 deaths. Mortality from Alzheimer’s disease has steadily increased during the last 30 years. Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States and the fifth leading cause for people aged 65 years and over. An estimated 5.4 million persons in the United States have Alzheimer’s disease. The cost of health care for people with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia was estimated to be 200 billion dollars in 2012, including 140 billion dollars in costs to Medicare and Medicaid and is expected to reach 1.1 trillion dollars in 2050.

 

Data Brief No. 115.  Death in the United States, 2011
In 2011, the age-adjusted death rate for the United States was 740.6 per 100,000 population. This rate represents a 0.9% drop from the rate in 2010 (747.0), and is a record low. The highest mortality was observed for the non-Hispanic black population (903.9), followed by the non-Hispanic white population (753.9). Death rates for all race groups of the U.S. population generally have been decreasing since 1935, and the rates for the Hispanic population have been declining since the late 1990s. Data for 2011 maintain that trend. The figures presented in this report are based on preliminary mortality data for 2011 and final data for 2000–2010.

 

 

Data Brief No. 114.  Caloric Intake From Fast Food Among Adults: United States, 2007–2010
As lifestyles become more hectic, fast-food consumption has become a growing part of the American diet. Fast food is food usually sold at eating establishments for quick availability or takeout. More than one-third of U.S. adults are obese, and frequent fast-food consumption has been shown to contribute to weight gain. This report presents the percentage of calories consumed from fast food by adults in the United States, including differences by sociodemographic characteristics and weight status.

 

Data Brief No. 113.  Trends in Intake of Energy and Macronutrients in Children and Adolescents From 1999–2000 Through 2009–2010
Between 1999–2000 and 2009–2010, the prevalence of obesity increased among boys, but not among girls. There was no change however, in the prevalence of obesity between 2007–2008 and 2009–2010 for either boys or girls. It is unclear if the changes in the prevalence of obesity were associated with corresponding changes in energy and macronutrient intakes in children and adolescents during this time frame. An earlier publication reported trends in energy and macronutrient intake in adults between 1999 and 2008. The objective of this report is to present trends in energy and macronutrient intakes among U.S. children and adolescents aged 2–19 years between 1999 and 2010. These results are presented by sex, age group, and race and ethnicity.

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